2006

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This article is about the year 2006. For the album, see 2006 (album).

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From top left, clockwise: the 2006 Winter Olympics are held in Turin, Italy; Twitter is founded and launched by Jack Dorsey; train bombings in Mumbai kill 209 people; Montenegro votes vĩ đại declare independence from Serbia; the 2006 FIFA World Cup is held in Germany and is won by Italy; Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 crashes in the Amazon rainforest after a mid-air collision with an Embraer Legacy 600 business jet; an earthquake in Yogyakarta kills over 5,700 people; the IAU votes on the definition of planet, which demotes Pluto and other Kuiper belt objects and redefines them as "dwarf planets".
Millennium: 3rd millennium
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2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2006th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 6th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2000s decade.

2006 was designated as the International Year of Deserts and Desertification.[1]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • January 1–January 4 – Russia temporarily cuts shipment of natural gas vĩ đại Ukraine during a price dispute.[2]
  • January 12 – A stampede during the Stoning of the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 pilgrims.[3][4]
  • January 15 – NASA's Stardust mission successfully ends, the first vĩ đại return dust from a comet.[5]
  • January 19 – NASA launches the first interplanetary space probe vĩ đại Pluto, the New Horizons.[6]
  • January 25 – Hamas wins the 2006 Palestinian legislative election.

February[edit]

  • February 4 – Egyptian passenger ferry, MS al-Salam Boccaccio 98, sinks in the Red Sea off the coast of Saudi Arabia, killing over 1,000 people.[7]
  • February 6 – Stephen Harper is sworn in as the Prime Minister of Canada.
  • February 10–26 – The 2006 Winter Olympics are held in Turin, Italy.[8]
  • February 17 – A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines killing an estimated 1,126 people.[9]
  • February 22 – 2006 al-Askari mosque bombing: Explosions occur at the al-Askari Shrine in Samara, Iraq. The attack on the shrine, one of the holiest sites in Shia Islam, causes the escalation of sectarian violence in Iraq into a full-scale war (the Iraqi Civil War of 2006-2008).[10]

March[edit]

  • March 9 – NASA's Cassini–Huygens spacecraft announces a geyser-like emission of vapor, dust, and small ice crystals on Saturn's moon Enceladus, possibly indicating the presence of water.[11][12]
  • March 10 – NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter enters orbit around Mars.[13]
  • March 10 – Michelle Bachelet becomes the first female president of Chile.
  • March 15 – The United Nations General Assembly votes overwhelmingly vĩ đại establish the United Nations Human Rights Council.[14]
  • March 21 – Microblogging and social networking service trang web Twitter (currently rebranding vĩ đại X) was launched.

April[edit]

  • April 4 – The Faddoul Brothers, kidnapped on 23 February 2006 in Caracas, Venezuela, are found dead, causing outrage and mass protests against insecurity in the country.[15][16][17]
  • April 11
    • The European Space Agency's Venus Express spaceprobe enters Venus' orbit.[18]
    • President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad confirms that Iran has successfully produced a few grams of low-grade enriched uranium.[19][20]
  • April đôi mươi – Iran announces a giảm giá khuyến mãi with Russia, involving a joint uranium enrichment firm on Russian soil;[21] nine days later Iran announces that it will not move all activity vĩ đại Russia, thus leading vĩ đại a de facto termination of the giảm giá khuyến mãi.

May[edit]

  • May 17 – The Human Genome Project publishes the final chromosome sequence, in Nature.[22]
  • May 18–20 – The Eurovision Song Contest 2006 takes place in Athens, Greece, and is won by Finnish band entrant Lordi with the tuy vậy "Hard Rock Hallelujah".
  • May 27 – The 6.4 Mw  Yogyakarta earthquake shakes central Java in Indonesia with an MSK intensity of IX (Destructive), leaving more kêu ca 5,700 dead and 37,000 injured.[23][24]

June[edit]

  • June 3 – Montenegro declares its independence from Serbia and Montenegro after a May 21 referendum and becomes a sovereign state. Two days later, the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro officially disbands after Serbia declares its independence as well, ending an 88-year union between the two countries[25] and leaving Serbia as the successor country vĩ đại the union.[26][27]
  • June 9 – July 9 – The 2006 FIFA World Cup takes place in Germany; Italy defeats France in the final.[28][29]
  • June 28
    • Israel launches an offensive in the Gaza Strip in response vĩ đại rocketfire by Hamas into Israeli territory.[30]
    • The United States Armed Forces withdraws its forces in Iceland, thereby disbanding the Iceland Defense Force.[31]

July[edit]

  • July 1 – The Qinghai–Tibet railway begins operation, making Tibet the final province-level entity of Đài Loan Trung Quốc vĩ đại establish a conventional railway.[32]
  • July 6 – The Nathu La pass between India and Đài Loan Trung Quốc, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.[33]
  • July 11 – A series of seven bomb blasts hits the thành phố of Mumbai, India, killing more kêu ca 200 people.[34]
  • July 12 – Israeli troops invade Lebanon in response vĩ đại Hezbollah kidnapping two Israeli soldiers and killing three others. Hezbollah declares open war against Israel two days later.[35]

August[edit]

  • August 10 - News was revealed of a thwarted terrorist plot vĩ đại detonate liquid explosives disguised as soft drinks, aboard multiple transatlantic air flights.
  • August 14 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sixty-one female students are killed by Sri Lankan Air Force in an air strike.[36]
  • August 22 – Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612 crashes near the Russian border in Ukraine, killing all 170 people on board.[37]
  • August 24 – The International Astronomical Union defines 'planet' at its 26th General Assembly, removing Pluto's status as a planet and reclassifying it as a dwarf planet 76 years after its discovery. Ironically, this was in the same year when NASA sent its first probe vĩ đại the celestial toàn thân.[38][6]

September[edit]

  • September – The MP4 Watch is available vĩ đại consumers in America.[39]
  • September 1 - Roblox Corporation releases the videogame ROBLOX.
  • September 7 – In the face of falling approval ratings and internal pressure from his government and các buổi party, British Prime Minister Tony Blair announces his intention vĩ đại resign by the kết thúc of 2007.[40]
  • September 7 – Partial lunar eclipse, visible over most of Africa, Europe, Asia and nước Australia.
  • September 19 – The Royal Thai Army overthrows the government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra in a coup.[41]
  • September 22 – Annular solar eclipse, visible in Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, parts of Brazil, and the southern Atlantic.
  • September 28 – Typhoon Xangsane passed Manila on its way vĩ đại causing more kêu ca 300 deaths, mostly in the Philippines and Vietnam.[42]
  • September 29 – Gol Transportes Aéreos Flight 1907 collides with a business jet over the Amazon rainforest, killing all 154 on board the former.[43]

October[edit]

  • October 2 – A large-scale fire destroys a great amount of the US hops production.
  • October 6 – Fredrik Reinfeldt replaces Göran Persson as Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • October 9
    • North Korea claims vĩ đại have conducted its first-ever nuclear test.[44]
    • Google purchased YouTube for US$1.65 billion.[45]
  • October 11–13 – St Andrews Agreement is held in Scotland between the British and Irish governments on devolution in Northern Ireland.
  • October 13 – South Korean Ban Ki-moon is elected as the new Secretary-General of the United Nations, succeeding Kofi Annan.[46]
  • October 22 – Fernando Alonso wins his second World Drivers Championship
  • October (date unknown) - The Offshore MPA project is initiated.[47]

November[edit]

  • November 2 – No. 5, 1948 by Jackson Pollock becomes the most expensive painting after it is sold privately for $140 million.[48]
  • November 3 – Microsoft releases Office 2007 for manufacturing.
  • November 5 – Former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein is sentenced vĩ đại death by hanging by the Iraqi Special Tribunal. He is later executed by hanging for crimes against humanity on December 30.[49]
  • November 8 – Microsoft releases Windows Vista for manufacturing.
  • November 12 – The breakaway state of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.[50]
  • November 22 – A toxic waste dumping incident occurs in Côte d'Ivoire by a Panama ship sent by Singaporean oil company, causing 3 deaths and the poison treatment of 1500 people.[51][52]
  • November 23 – A series of siêu xe bombs and mortar attacks in Sadr City, Baghdad, kills at least 215 people and injure 257 other people.[53]

December[edit]

  • December 1 – WikiLeaks leaks Hassan Dahir Aweys' conspiracy vĩ đại assassinate Somali government officials.[54]
  • December 5 – The military seizes power in Fiji, in a coup d'état led by Commodore Frank Bainimarama.[55]
  • December 11 – Felipe Calderón sends the Mexican military vĩ đại combat the drug cartels and put down the violence in the state of Michoacán, initiating the Mexican Drug War.[56]
  • December 24 – Ethiopia admits its troops have intervened in Somalia.[57]
  • December 29 – UK settles its Anglo-American loan, post-WWII loan debt.
  • December 30 – Former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein, was executed by hanging.

Births and deaths[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

  • Chemistry – Roger D. Kornberg.
  • Economics – Edmund Phelps.
  • Literature – Orhan Pamuk.
  • Peace – Muhammad Yunus and the Grameen Bank.
  • Physics – John C. Mather, and George F. Smoot.
  • Physiology or Medicine – Andrew Z. Fire, and Craig C. Mello.

New English words and terms[edit]

  • bucket list
  • crowdfunding
  • crowdsourcing
  • Eris
  • hypermiling
  • mumblecore
  • sizzle reel
  • ski cross[58]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Hold-Up Problems in International Gas Trade: A Case Study" (PDF). Energies. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved March đôi mươi, 2022.
  3. ^ Huggler, Justin (January 13, 2006). "Hundreds killed as Haj pilgrims rush vĩ đại stone the devil". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on November 19, 2010. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  4. ^ "What is the Islamic hajj?". CBC News. January 12, 2006. Retrieved July 6, 2009. It's the same place where 362 people died in a stampede on Jan. 12, 2006
  5. ^ "Stardust Container in Almost Perfect Condition". Fox News. Associated Press. January 17, 2006. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  6. ^ a b "New Horizons". jhuapl.edu. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  7. ^ "Relatives Trash Company Offices After Red Sea Disaster". Fox News. Associated Press. February 6, 2006. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2009.
  8. ^ Associated Press (February 10, 2006). "Winter Games open in Turin". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  9. ^ "Philippine Landslide and Flood Operations Update #7" (PDF). Red Cross. August 31, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 7, 2009. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
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  11. ^ "The Whole Enceladus: A new place vĩ đại tìm kiếm for life in the outer solar system". ScienceNews. May 2, 2006. Retrieved May đôi mươi, 2022.
  12. ^ "Moon spray". ScienceNews. January 2, 2006. Retrieved May đôi mươi, 2022.
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  14. ^ Baber, Graeme (September 2019). The United Nations System: A Synopsis. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 16.
  15. ^ Hernández, Clodovaldo (April 6, 2006). "Hallados muertos tres hermanos venezolanos secuestrados hace 38 días". El País. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
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  27. ^ Xuequan, Mu (June 4, 2006). "EU reiterates respect for independence of Montenegro". Xinhua News Agency. Archived from the original on December 9, 2011. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
  28. ^ "Football | World Cup 2006 | for World Cup". BBC Sport. June 9, 2006. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
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  31. ^ White, Josh (March 17, 2006). "U.S. vĩ đại Remove Military Forces And Aircraft From Iceland Base". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
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  34. ^ "CNN.com - India police: Pakistan spy agency behind Mumbai bombings - Oct 1, 2006". www.cnn.com. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
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