oxit bazơ

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Calcium oxide powder, an example of a base anhydride.

A base anhydride is an oxide of a chemical element from group 1 or 2 (the alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, respectively). They are obtained by removing water from the corresponding hydroxide base. If water is added đồ sộ a base anhydride, a corresponding hydroxide salt can be [re]-formed.

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Base anhydrides are not Brønsted–Lowry bases because they are not proton acceptors. However, they are Lewis bases, because they will share an electron pair with some Lewis acids, most notably acidic oxides.[1] They are potent alkalis and will produce alkali burns on skin, because their affinity for water (that is, their affinity for being slaked) makes them react with toàn thân water.

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  • Quicklime (calcium oxide) is a base anhydride. It reacts with skin đồ sộ become hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide), which is a strong base, chemically akin đồ sộ lye.
  • Sodium oxide reacts readily and irreversibly with water đồ sộ give sodium hydroxide:
Na2O + H2O → 2 NaOH

See also[edit]

  • Acid anhydride
  • Acidic oxide